常用英文翻译词汇

还是不错的,收集共享,放在网上日后检索。1、中国各级党政机关干部名称英译名

政治局常委 Member, Standing Committee of Political Bureau, the CPC Central Committee

政治局委员 Member, Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee

书记处书记 Member, secretariat of the CPC Central Committee

中央委员 Member, Central Committee

候补委员 Alternate Member

…省委/市委书记 Secretary,…Provincial/Municipal Committee of the CPC

党组书记 secretary, Party Leadership Group

中华人民共和国主席/副主席 President/Vice President, the People”s Republic of China

全国人大委员长/副委员长 Chairman/Vice Chairman, National People”s Congress

秘书长 Secretary-General

主任委员 Chairman

委员 Member

(地方人大)主任 Chairman, Local People”s Congress

人大代表 Deputy to the People”s Congress

国务院总理 Premier, State Council

国务委员 State Councilor

秘书长 Secretary-General

(国务院各委员会)主任 Minister in Charge of Commission for

(国务院各部)部长 Minister

部长助理 Assistant Minister

司长 Director

局长 Director

省长 Governor

常务副省长 Executive Vice Governor

自治区人民政府主席 Chairman, Autonomous Regional People”s Government

地区专员 Commissioner, prefecture

香港特别行政区行政长官 Chief Executive, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

市长/副市长 Mayor/Vice Mayor

区长 Chief Executive, District Government

县长 Chief Executive, County Government

乡镇长 Chief Executive, Township Government

秘书长 Secretary-General

办公厅主任 Director, General Office

(部委办)主任 Director

处长/副处长 Division Chief/Deputy Division Chief

科长/股长 Section Chief

科员 Clerk/Officer

发言人 Spokesman

顾问 Adviser

参事 Counselor

巡视员 Inspector/Monitor

特派员 Commissioner

人民法院院长 President, People”s Courts

人民法庭庭长 Chief Judge, People”s Tribunals

审判长 Chief Judge

审判员 Judge

书记 Clerk of the Court

法医 Legal Medical Expert

法警 Judicial Policeman

人民检察院检察长 Procurator-General, People”s procuratorates

监狱长 Warden

律师 Lawyer

公证员 Notary Public

总警监 Commissioner General

警监 Commissioner

警督 Supervisor

警司 Superintendent

警员 Constable

2、中国共产党,其他政党及政协相关名称

中央政治局Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPC

中央政治局常务委员会Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC

中央书记处Secretariat of the Central Committee of the CPC

中央军事委员会Central Military Commission of the CPC

中央纪律检查委员会Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC

中央办公厅General Office, CCCPC

中央组织部Organization Department, CCCPC

中央宣传部Publicity Department, CCCPC

中央统一战线部United Front Work Department, CCCPC

中央对外联络部International Liaison Department, CCCPC

中央政法委员会Committee of Political and Legislative Affairs, CCCPC

中央政策研究室Policy Research Office, CCCPC

中央直属机关工作委员会Work Committee for Offices Directly under the CCCPC

中央国家机关工作委员会State Organs Work Committee of the CPC

中央台湾工作委员会Taiwan Affairs Office, CCCPC

中央对外宣传办公室International Communication Office, CCCPC

中央党校Party School of the CPC

中央党史研究室Party History Research Centre, CCCPC

中央文献研究室Party Literature Research Centre, CCCPC

中央翻译局Compilation and Translation Bureau, CCCPC

中央外文出版发行事业局China Foreign Languages Publishing and Distribution Administration

中央档案馆Archives Bureau, CCCPC

《中国人民政治协商会议及其机构》The Chinese People”s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and Its Structure

中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会National Committee of the CPPCC

中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会常务委员会Standing Committee of the National Committee of the CPPCC

中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会办公厅General Offices of the CPPCC National Committee

专门委员会Special Committee

提案委员会Committee for Handling Proposals

经济委员会Committee for Economic Affairs

人口资源环境委员会Committee of Population, Resources and Environment

教科文卫体委员会Committee of Education, Science, Culture, Health and Sports

社会和法制委员会Committee for Social and Legal Affairs

民族和宗教委员会Committee for Ethnic and Religious Affairs

文史资料委员会Committee of Cultural and Historical Data

港澳台侨委员会Committee for Liaison with Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan and Overseas Chinese

外事委员会Committee of Foreign Affairs

中国人民政治协商委员会地方委员会CPPCC Local Committees

《中国政党Chinese Parties》

中国共产党(中共)Communist Party of China (CPC)

中国国民党革命委员会(民革)Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang

中国民主同盟(民盟)Chinese Democratic League

中国民主建国会(民建)China Democratic National Construction Association

中国民主促进会(民进)China Association for Promoting Democracy

中国农工民主党Chinese Peasants and Workers Democratic Party

中国致公党China Zhi Gong Dang

九三学社Jiu San Society

台湾民主自治同盟(台盟)Taiwan Democratic SelfGovernment League

3、中国国家机关名称

全国人民代表大会 National People’s Congress (NPC)

主席团 Presidium

常务委员会 Standing Committee

办公厅 General Office

秘书处 Secretariat

代表资格审查委员会Credentials Committee

提案审查委员会Motions Examination Committee

民族委员会Ethnic Affairs Committee

法律委员会Law Committee

财务经济委员会Finance Affairs Committee

外事委员会Foreign and Economy Committee

教育,科学,文化委员会Education, Science, Culture and Public Health Committee

内务司法委员会Committee for Internal and Judicial Affairs

华侨委员会Overseas Chinese Affairs Committee

法制委员会Commission of Legislative Affairs

特定问题委员会Committee of Inquiry into Special Questions

宪法修改委员会Committee for Revision of the Constitution

中华人民共和国主席President of the People”s Republic of China

中央军事委员会Central Military Commission

最高人民法院Supreme People”s Court

最高人民检察院Supreme People”s Procuratorate

国务院State Council

国务院部委Ministries and Commissions Directly under the State Council

外交部Ministry of Foreign Affairs

国防部Ministry of National Defence

国家发展计划委员State Development Planning Commission

国家经济贸易委员会State Economic and Trade Commission

教育部Ministry of Education

科学技术部Ministry of Science and Technology

国家科学技术工业委员会Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence

国家民族事务委员会State Ethnic Affairs Commission

公安部 Ministry of Public Security

国家安全部 Ministry of State Security

监察部 Ministry of Supervision

民政部 Ministry of Civil Affairs

司法部 Ministry of Justice

财政部 Ministry of Finance

人事部 Ministry of Personnel

劳动和社会保障部 Ministry of Labour and Social Security

国土资源部Ministry of Land and Resources

建设部Ministry of Construction

铁路部 Ministry of Railways

交通部 Ministry of Communications

信息产业部 Ministry of Information Industry

水利部Ministry of Water Resources

农业部Ministry of Agriculture

对外贸易经济合作部Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation

文化部Ministry of Culture

卫生部Ministry of Public Health

国家计划生育委员会State Family Planning Commission

中国人民银行People”s Bank of China

国家审计署State Auditing Administration

国务院办事机构Offices under that State Council

国务院办公厅General Office of the State Council

侨务办公厅Office of Overseas Chinese Affairs

港澳办公厅Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office

台湾办公厅Taiwan Affairs Office

法制办公厅Office of Legislative Affairs

经济体制办公厅Office for Economic Restructuring

国务院研究室Research Office of the State Council

新闻办公室Information Office

国务院直属机构Departments Directly under the State Council

海关总署General Administration of Customs

国家税务总局State Taxation Administration

国家环境保护总局State Environmental Protection Administration

中国民用航空总局Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC)

国家广播电影电视总局State Administration of Radio, Film and Television

国家体育总局State Physical Cultural Administration

国家统计局State Statistics Bureau

国家工商行政管理局State Administration of Industry and Commerce

新闻出版署Press and Publication Administration

国家版权局State Copyright Bureau

国家林业局State Forestry Bureau

国家质量技术监督局State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision

国家药品监督管理局State Drug Administration (SDA)

国家知识产权局State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO)

国家旅游局National Tourism Administration

国家宗教事务局State Bureau of Religious Affairs

国务院参事室Counsellors” Office of the State Council

国务院机关事务管理局Government Offices Administration of the State Council

国务院直属事业单位Institutions Directly under the State Council

新华通讯社Xinhua News Agency

中国科学院Chinese Academy of Sciences

中国社会科学院Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

中国工程院Chinese Academy of Engineering

国务院发展研究中心Development Research Centre of the State Council

国家行政学院National School of Administration

中国地震局China Seismological Bureau

中国气象局China Meteorological Bureau

中国证券监督管理委员会China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRS)

部委管理的国家局State Bureaux Administration by Ministration or Commission)

国家粮食储备局(国家发展计划委员会)State Bureau of Grain Reserve (Under the State Development Planning Commission)

国家国内贸易局 State Bureau of Internal Trade

国家煤炭工业局 State Bureau of Coal Industry

国家机械工业局State Bureau of Machine Building Industry

国家冶金工业局State Bureau of Metallurgical Industry

国家石油和化学工业局State Bureau of Petroleum and Chemical Industry

国家轻工业局State Bureau of Light Industry

国家纺织工业局State Bureau of Textile Industry

国家建筑材料工业局State Bureau of Building Materials Industry

国家烟草专卖局State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau

国家有色金属工业局State Bureau of Nonferrous Metal Industry

(以上由国家经贸委管理above are all under the State Economic and Trade Commission)

国家外国专家局(人事部) State Bureau of Foreign Experts Affairs (under the Ministry of Personnel)

国家海洋局(国土资源部) State Bureau of Oceanic Administration (under the Ministry of Land and Resources)

国家测绘局(国土资源部) State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping (ditto)

国家邮政局(信息产业部) State Post Bureau (under the Ministry of Information Industry)

国家文物局(文化部) State Cultural Relics Bureau (under the Ministry of Culture)

国家中医药管理局(卫生部) State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (under the Ministry of Public Health)

国家外汇管理局(中国人民银行总行) State Administration of Foreign Exchange (under the People”s Bank of China)

国家出入境检验检疫局(海关总署) State Administration for EntryExit Inspection and Quarantine (under the General Administration of Customs)

4、常见职位名称

Accountant 会计员,会计师

Administration Assistant 行政助理

Administrator 行政主管

Apprentice 学徒

Architect 建筑师

Assistant Manager 副经理

Assistant Production Manager 副厂长

Business Manager 业务经理

Cashier 出纳员

Chief Accountant 总会计主任

Chief Engineer 总工程师

Civil Engineer 土木工程师

Clerk 文员(文书)

Director 董事

Electrical Engineer 电气工程师

Executive Director 行政董事

Executive Secretary 行政秘书

Financial Controller 财务总监

Foreman 领班,组长

General manager  总经理

Junior clerk 低级文员(低级职员)

Manager 经理

Marketing Executive  市场部主任

Marketing Manager 市场部经理

Marketing Officer 市场部办公室主任

Mechanical Engineer 机械工程师

Merchandiser 买手(商人)

Messenger 信差(邮递员)

Office Assistant 写字楼助理(办事员)

Plant Manager 厂长

Practice Nurse 见习护士

Production Manager 厂长

Quality Controller 品质控制员(质量检查员)

Receptionist 接线生(接线员)

Sales Engineer 销售工程师

Sales Executive 销售主任

Sales Manager 销售经理

Sales Representative 营业代表

Salesman 推销员

Secretary 秘书

Senior Clerk 高级文员(高级职员)

Skilled Worker 熟练技工

Stenographer 速记员

Sub-Manager 副经理

Supervisor 主管

Surveyor 测量员

Technician 技术员

Telex Operator 电传机操作员

Translator 翻译员

Typist 打字员

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